Introduction of Cypress A Test Automation Tool

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Introduction of Cypress Tool

Cypress is an open-source and free test automation tool, It is mainly used for front-end automation. Cypress helps to achieve the following −

  1. Configure tests
  2. Configure tests
  3. Execute tests
  4. Identify errors (if any)

Selenium and Cypress are compared in terms of their functionalities. In Many ways, Cypress is different in architecture and features. it resolves some of the issues users face in Selenium.

Cypress is based on JavaScript and executes tests in the browser. It helps to develop the tests which have −

  1. Unit tests
  2. End-to-end tests
  3. Integration tests

Features of Cypress Testing Tool

The important features of Cypress are given below −

  1. Supports Test-Driven development
  2. Efficient debugging with Developer Tools with the generation of stack trace and errors

Structure of A Basic Test

Cypress follows the JavaScript test frameworks like (Mocha, and Jasmine). To create a test in Cypress, we have to follow the below-mentioned framework guidelines −

-Test suite name should be provided within the described function

The basic test implementation can be done by using the below command –

// test suite name

describe(‘JavaTpoint Test’, function () {// Test case

it(‘Scenario 1’, function (){

// test step for URL launching



Test Execution

For execution from the command line, run the command mentioned below −

Here, all the files within the integration folder will get triggered

For execution from the Test Runner, run the command Mentioned below −

Then, click on the spec file that the user wants to trigger for execution.

To trigger execution for a specific file from command, run the command mentioned below −

Also Read:- Most Popular Test Automation Tool

Cypress — Basic Commands

Cypress basic commands are mentioned below –


It is used to create assertions and is an alias. should ().


It provides an alias for later usage.


It blurs an element in focus.


It checks radio buttons or checkboxes and is also applied to elements having input tags.


It basically obtains the sub-elements of an element.


Generally, It removes the value from textarea or input.


It removes a particular browser cookie.


It removes the cookies from the browser from an existing domain and subdomain.


It removes the local Storage data from the existing domain and subdomain.


It clicks an element in (DOM).


It obtains an element having a specific text. The element can have more than the text and still, match.


It double-clicks an element in DOM


It fixes a debugger and the log value is returned by the prior command.


It obtains a window. document on the active page.


It iterates from an array having the property length.


It ends a command chain.


It is referring to an element at a particular index in an array of elements.


It runs a system command.


It is obtaining the descendant element of particular locators.


It is obtaining the first element from a group of elements.


It is obtaining single or multiple elements by the locator.


It is obtaining the descendant elements of a particular locator.


It is obtaining all the cookies


It moves forward or backward to the next or previous URL in the history of the browser.


It launches an URL.


It obtains the immediate sibling of an element in a group of elements in DOM


It obtains the parent element from a group of elements in Document Object Modal.


It is used for creating an assertion and is an alias of .and ().


Wait for a certain time in milliseconds or for an aliased element prior to moving the following step given below.


It will obtain the document.title of the active page.


It will print the messages to the Command Log.


It is used for page reloading.

Also Read — Tutorial On Katalon Studio an Automation Testing Software Tool

Cypress Assertions

Cypress has more than one type of assertion obtained from various libraries like Mocha, Chai, etc. The two types of assertion types are explicit and implicit.

If an assertion is applicable to the object obtained from the parent command in a chain, then that is known as the implicit assertion. The popular implicit assertions include .and/.should.

These commands cannot be used as standalone. Generally, they are used when the user has to verify multiple checks on a particular object.

2) Explicit Assertions

An assertion is applicable to an object, it is known as the explicit assertion. The popular explicit assertions include asserting/expecting.

The command for the explicit assertion is mentioned as follows –

Originally published at on July 20, 2022



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